What is the World Wide Web??

The World Wide Web is an interconnected structure of public websites accessible through the Internet. The World Wide Web is not the same as the Internet: the World Wide Web is an application created on top of the Internet.

Tim Berners-Lee proposed the building of what became known as the World Wide Web. He constructed the first world wide web serverworld wide web browser, and webpage on his computer at the CERN physics research lab in 1990. In 1991, he launched his creation on the alt.hypertext newsgroup, which was when the World Wide Web was first made public.

The structure known today as “the Web” has components that include:

  1. The HTTP protocol governs data transfer between a server and a client.
  2. To access a World Wide Web page, one inputs a URL (uniform resource location) or URI (uniform resource identifier) (formally called Universal Document Identifier (UDI)).
  3. HTML (hypertext markup language) is the most frequently used form for producing world wide web documents.

Linking information through hyperlinks, is a specific way to share World Wide Web pages containing collections of documents and forms

Shortly after creating the World Wide Web, Tim Berners-Lee founded the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) to develop standards and advance the World Wide Web. This organization includes World Wide Web interest groups, world wide web browser builders, government entities, researchers, and educational institutes. W3C’s mission is to lead the World Wide Web to it’s full potential.

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